Tuesday, April 3, 2007

EDUCATION/other info on nepal

Primary education runs from grade 1 through 5.
Secondary education consists of lower secondary (grade 6 to 8),
upper secondary (grade 9 to 10) and higher secondary (grade 11 to 12).

Students will receive a School Leaving Certificate after completing grade 10. The streams for higher secondary education are education, science, commerce and humanities after which they receive a Higher Secondary Certificate.

Students have the option of attending Basic Technical Schools after grade 5 to be awarded a Training Level Certificate.
average literacy rate of these groups is 27.7%,

INCOMEThe per capita income in Nepal is only US$250 per annum

The intensity of poverty is highest in the Far and Mid-Western Regions of the country, especially in the hilly areas

Conditions for Women and Children
Micro-credit programmes
are gaining popularity among women in the camps. These programmes enable women to do economic activities which they can manage themselves. The goods they produce are only sold within the camp so the financial gains of such programmes are not large. But they do enable women to become more self-sufficient to the point that they can meet their household needs, as well as boosting their self esteem and dignity.

Trafficking of girls and women for sexual exploitation in Nepal is a serious problem and has haunted the nation for several decades already. An increasing sex market in India and its illusive underworld network in some urban and rural areas of Nepal have further intensified the problem

Incidence of maternal death is high in Nepal where 1 woman dies every 2 hours. The Nepal Family Health Survey reported that, between January 1997 and January 1998, 132 out of the 640 deaths of all women of reproductive age were due to complications during pregnancy, childbirth or the postpartum period. Maternal deaths accounted for 20.6% of all deaths investigated and were the leading cause of female mortality. 9 out of 10 maternal deaths happened in rural areas and 6 out of 10 happened after delivery. Less than one-third of the women had received antenatal care and only 8% of them had a trained health worker present as they gave birth

Youth have left their homes or have joined the rebels or have been killed in the civil war between the rebels and the government. Most villages are empty, what ever they have are the old and sick parents unable to make it to the city, and trying to survive the best they can. Kids spend most of their daily life doing house-hold works. Because of the civil war, Nepal's beautiful villages with magnificent mountains and landscape are as empty as ghost town

Most Nepalese live on a $1 day or less!
Nepal is the poorest country in Asia. Country's 10% of the population takes 50% of the wealth, the bottom 40% takes 10%
85% of Nepalese don't have health access
World's 48th poorest country is Nepal

Total Debt of the country * External $2.55 Billion, about $97 per person
Nepalese rural people are poor due to lack of access to resources, low-productivity land, roads to obtain agriculture inputs and to sell agriculture produce

Nepal's many of the social indicators are the lowest in South Asia
Nepal's population will be 48 million by 2030
Did you know that? Rain is very important to Nepal's economy. Country's 80% of people are into agriculture. Often when there is no rain farmers worship the Lord Indra - the mythical Hindu god of rain.

Maoist's bandhs have kept much of Nepal’s countryside paralyzed, causing severe poverty and hardship source
Dollar Amount Per Year http://www.nepalvista.com/realnepal/poverty.htmlHunger http://www.wfp.org/country_brief/indexcountry.asp?country=524

world at 540 per 100,000 live births, adult literacy among the lowest at less than 60 percent, with pronounced gender and regional disparities in school enrolment.

Refugee Issues http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=29462Other Though figures are hard to come by, a recent UN mission on IDPs estimated that between 100,000 to 200,000 Nepalis have been displaced by the 10- year-old insurgency within the country. Several thousands have crossed over into India in search of work and security.

Nearly 12,000 people have died in the conflict, victims of both Maoist and government forces' atrocities. The conflict was cited as reason for King Gyanendra's 'royal coup' on Feb. 1 this year, which he launched in the name of establishing peace and security, as the party-based governments of the past had failed to control the rebellion

Nepal has been at odds with neighbouring Bhutan over the repatriation of thousands of refugees living in camps in Nepal. The refugees - Bhutanese of Nepalese descent - fled violence in their homeland in the early 1990s.http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/country_profiles/1166502.stm


Everest, and spectacular scenery and wildlife, the country has great potential as a tourist destination.
It also boasts a distinctive Hindu and Buddhist culture. But its environmental challenges including deforestation, encroachment on animal habitats and vehicle pollution in the capital, Kathmandu.

Most of the population depend on agriculture, and around 40% of Nepalis are estimated to live in poverty.

Foreign aid is vital to the economy and Nepal is also dependent on trade with neighbouring India.

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