Sunday, March 25, 2007

Politicalhistory, climate, overpopulation, colonialism, economic issues, debt, market economy

This is my friend Tsering Sherpa from Nepal. She just got back from there. Sherpas are known to be guides to the mountain summits. Her dad works to organize groups for the hike up the mountains. American tourist and other nationalities come to Nepal to climb the famous mountain. She is in front of a temple, the second one is of nature and the third one of her and cow in the street.

From these pictures I understand that Nepal is a pretty place to visit. There is different religion dominate there Hinduism and Buddhism and cows could roam the street more often than here.
I added the flag of Nepal and the map of Nepal
The political history of Nepal:
Nepal was an absolute monarchy until there was reform. A parliamentary monarchy was emplaced. The king served as the head of state and the Prime Minster as head of the government.

Nepal has bicameral system: House of Representatives (205) and a National Council (60).
You must be 18 to vote.
The king makes up the Council of Ministers.

There is an unstable government. No government survived more than two years. In April of 2006 the King gives up power and the dissolved house was restored. An interim constitution was formed with Maoist members and there was an increase of numbers of representatives.

The nation has a hard time to built its infrastructure because of the hills. There are not many telephones and internet connection is low.
Because of unstable government and civil war Nepal has been struggling to get out of poverty.
Financial aid from India, Japan, and UK, US, EU, China, Switzerland and other Scandinavian countries help Nepal.
The disbution of wealth is very uneven.
Farming cropslike sugarcane, rice, corn and wheat is most farmers grow. There is a high tourism rate because Nepal is seen as exotic because of its Himalayas Mountains and nature.

The work force goes to India to find jobs. Nepal also gets money by having Gurkha soldiers who fight for the Indian and British armies.
GDP of 2005 is Under 39$ billion
Nepal’s export: carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods and grain
Import: gold, machinery, equipment, petroleum products and fertilizer.

Partners for imports: India, United Arab Emirates, China, Saudi Arabia.
Partners for export: US, India and Germany

The colonialism of Nepal:

Nepal fought in the Anglo-Nepalese War which defended their current boarders from the British East India Company. The Treaty of Sugauli gave Nepal their own right for self control and the succession of Himachal Pradesh. There has been factionalism in the royal families, the rivalry made the country unstable. During the World wars the leader Ranas helped with the British and by 1923 UK and Nepal formally signed for their independence.

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